Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology II -- Biology 2252         Faculty Index Page
                                                    James K Adams,

Syllabus: Fall 2023, Monday and Wednesday
              Fall 2023, Tuesday and Thursday

The syllabus statements were updated AFTER I printed my syllabi. So below are the updates, for anyone who needs to see them


Dates of Exams and Lab Practicals

Review Sheets

         Exam 1
         Exam 2
     Exam 3 (digestion)
         Exam 3/4 (urinary systems/fluid and solute balance)
         Exam 4
    Lab Practicals:
        Practical #1
        Practical #2
        Practical #3
        Practical #4
        Practical #5

Images -- for lab practicals and aid in understanding

Images used during lecture:
    Circulatory System:
Cardiac Conduction System
            General Circulatory pathway around body
Vessels: walls, types, dynamics

    Lymphatic System 

    Immune System

   Respiratory System
        Epithelia and Support structures of the Respiratory System -- necessary for the lab practical as well.

   Digestive System

   Cellular Respiration:
        Glycolysis and Fermentation
        Decarboxylation and Krebs' Cycle
        Oxidative Phosphorylation (electron transport chain)
        Net ATP Yield

    Urinary System

   Water, salt, and acid/base balance

    Reproductive System:
Mitosis and Meiosis
        Female -- the menstrual cycle
                 Menstrual cycle (in a funny way)

   Tests on file in the library -- click on the Biology tab and then appropriate tests for this course (Biol 2213)
 Test 1 is the reproductive exam, 2 is cardiovascular, 3 is lymphatic/immune/respiratory, 4 is digestive/urinary

Answers for Tests on File in the library:
        Cardiovascular Exam 
        Lymphatic/Immune/Respiratory Exam 
        Digestive/Urinary and Nutrition/Fluid Balance Exam 
        Reproductive and Development Exam 

DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSE: This course covers the following system: circulatory, lymphatic, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Also covered in appropriate places are certain aspects of metabolism, osmotic balance, development and genetics. The underlying themes are the importance of understanding the chemistry (physiology) of the different systems and how the interactive physiology of the systems works to maintain homeostasis (and therefore life).

COURSE OBJECTIVES: Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:

  1. Identify the basic cell types and structures of the following systems: Cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive.
  2. Demonstrate an understanding of how the above systems function in a healthy human body.
  3. Demonstrate knowledge of the early structures and stages involved in human development.
  4. Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of homeostasis and the role each system plays in maintaining homeostasis in a healthy human body.


Many students do not seem to realize that there are big differences between high school science courses and college sciences courses. For those of you taking this Anatomy & Physiology course, most of you have been exposed to General Biology at the college level and so have some idea of how much work outside of class is necessary to succeed . Even so, the amount of material covered in this course, and the pace at which it is covered, may seem tremendous, so it is important to come to class each day prepared. This means that you will need to read ahead on the assignments, and also put in a significant amount of time studying (a minimum of 8-10 hours per week is recommended). It is extremely dangerous to fall behind in this course, as it will be extremely difficult to catch up. If you were one of those students who could make "Cís", or even "Bís" or "Aís", in high school without studying, more power to you. However, that strategy will be guaranteed to fail in this class. Additionally, you will be expected to demonstrate both analytical and critical thinking skills in this class, which means you will be asked from time to time to distinguish between very similar answers, as well as apply information you know to novel situations. Perhaps the most important thing to remember as you learn the material is to ask questions. In class, do not hesitate to raise your hand when you are confused, and be sure to jot down questions to be asked later while you are studying. There is no better way to learn material than to ASK!! If you do not understand and do not ask, then you put yourself in an extremely dangerous situation since a lot of information you will be expected to learn builds on other material you will be expected to know! I will be happy to help as much as I can, but I canít help you beyond my lectures if you donít ask for help.

Disclaimer Statement               
The page author is solely responsible for the content, and the content does not necessarily reflect the
views or mission of the College.  Dalton State College does not accept responsibility for the content of sites
accessible through the Internet, nor does it accept responsibility for the content of
secondary links.